Senin, 03 Desember 2012

LIST OF Q-CODE


Q-Code

These codes were originally developed to shorten transmission times when using CW, but are frequently used in voice transmissions. (eg. I am going to go QRT, thanks for the QSO.)
The QRA...QUZ code range includes phrases applicable to all services and is allocated to the International Telecommunications Union. NATO's ACP 131(E), COMMUNICATIONS INSTRUCTIONS - OPERATING SIGNALS, March 1997, chapter 2 contains a full list of 'Q' codes. Other 'Q' code ranges are allocated specifically to aviation or maritime services; many of those codes have fallen into disuse as voice displaces CW in commercial operation.
The Q-code was originally instituted at the Radiotelegraph Convention held in London, 1912 and was intended for marine radiotelegraph use. The codes were based on an earlier list published by the British postmaster general's office in 1908

History:
The Q-code was originally instituted at the Radiotelegraph Convention held in London, 1912. The Q-codes then grew over the years and decades.
The following list of current Q-codes is compiled from various sources.
The QAA...QNZ series are reserved for the aeronautical service.
(ICAO Procedures for Air Navigation Services, Abbreviations and Codes (PANS-ABC) [Doc8400])
The QOA...QQZ series are reserved for the maritime services.
(ITU RR1990, Appendix 14)
The QRA...QUZ series are for use by all services.
(ITU RR1990, Appendix 13, 14)
The QZA...QZZ series for other usage.

ITU Radio Regulations 1990, Appendix 14 :
Miscellaneous Abbreviations and Signals to Be Used for Radiocommunications in the Maritime Mobile Service

1.       The series of groups listed in this Appendix 14 range from QOA to QUZ.
2.       The QOA to QQZ series are reserved for the maritime mobile service.
3.       Certain Q code abbreviations may be given an affirmative or negative sense by sending, immediately following the abbreviation, the letter C or the letters NO (in radiotelephony spoken as: CHARLIE or NO).
4.       The meanings assigned to Q code abbreviations may be amplified or completed by the appropriate addition of other groups, call signs, place names, figures, numbers, etc. It is optional to fill in the blanks shown in parentheses. Any data which are filled in where blanks appear shall be sent in the same order as shown in the text of the following tables.
5.       Q code abbreviations are given the form of a question when followed by a question mark in radiotelegraphy and RQ (ROMEO QUEBEC) in radiotelephony. When an abbreviation is used as a question and is followed by additional or complementary information, the question mark (or RQ) should follow this information.
6.       Q code abbreviations with numbered alternative significations shall be followed by the appropriate figure to indicate the exact meaning intended. This figure shall be sent immediately following the abbreviation.
7.       All times shall be given in Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) unless otherwise indicated in the question or reply.
8.       An asterisk * following a Q code abbreviation means that this signal has a meaning similar to a signal appearing in the International Code of Signals.


Radiocommunications in the Maritime Mobile Service

 Q-Code
Question ?
Answer or Advice
QOA
Can you communicate by radiotelegraphy (500 kHz)?
I can communicate by radiotelegraphy (500 kHz).
Dapatkah anda berkomunikasi dengan radio telegraphy (500kHz)?
Saya dapat berkomunikasi dengan radio telegraphy (500kHz)
QOB
Can you communicate by radiotelephony (2182 kHz)?
I can communicate by radiotelephony (2182 kHz).
QOC
Can you communicate by radiotelephony (channel 16 - frequency 156.80 MHz)?
I can communicate by radiotelephony (channel 16 - frequency 156.80 MHz).
QOD
Can you communicate with me in ...
0. Dutch 5. Italian
1. English 6. Japanese
2. French 7. Norwegian
3. German 8. Russian
4. Greek 9. Spanish?
I can communicate with you in ...
0. Dutch 5. Italian
1. English 6. Japanese
2. French 7. Norwegian
3. German 8. Russian
4. Greek 9. Spanish.
QOE
Have you received the safety signal sent by ... (name and/or call sign)?
I have received the safety signal sent by ... (name and/or call sign).
QOF
What is the commercial quality of my signals?
The quality of your signals is ...
1. not commercial
2. marginally commercial
3. commercial.
QOG
How many tapes have you to send?
I have ... tapes to send.
QOH
Shall I send a phasing signal for ... seconds?
Send a phasing signal for ... seconds.
QOI
Shall I send my tape?
Send your tape.
QOJ
Will you listen on ... kHz (or MHz) for signals of emergency position-indicating radiobeacons?
I am listening on ... kHz (or MHz) for signals of emergency position-indicating radiobeacons.
QOK
Have you received the signals of an emergency position-indicating radiobeacon on ... kHz (or MHz)?
I have received the signals of an emergency position-indicating radiobeacon on ... kHz (or MHz).
QOL
Is your vessel fitted for reception of selective calls? If so, what is your selective call number or signal?
My vessel is fitted for the reception of selective calls. My selective call number or signal is ...
QOM
On what frequencies can your vessel be reached by a selective call?
My vessel can be reached by a selective call on the following frequency/ies ... (periods of time to be added if necessary).
QOO
Can you send on any working frequency?
I can send on any working frequency.
QOT
Do you hear my call; what is the approximate delay in minutes before we may exchange traffic?
I hear your call; the approximate delay is ... minutes.

ITU Radio Regulations 1990, Appendix 13 :
Miscellaneous Abbreviations and Signals to Be Used in Radiotelegraphy Communications Except in the Maritime Mobile Service

1.       The series of groups QRA to QUZ, listed in this Appendix 13, are for use by all services.
2.       The QAA to QNZ series are reserved for the aeronautical service. These series are not listed in these Regulations. The QOA to QQZ series are reserved for the maritime services.
3.       Certain Q code abbreviations may be given an affirmative or negative sense by sending YES or NO respectively, immediately following the abbreviation.
4.       The meanings assigned to Q code abbreviations may be amplified or completed by the addition of other appropriate groups, call signs, place names, figures, numbers, etc. It is optional to fill in the blanks shown in parentheses. Any data which are filled in where blanks appear shall be sent in the same order as shown in the text of the following tables.
5.       Q code abbreviations are given the form of a question when followed by a question mark. When an abbreviation is used as a question and is followed by additional or complementary information, the question mark should follow this information.
6.       Q code abbreviations with numbered alternative significations shall be followed by the appropriate figure to indicate the exact meaning intended. This figure shall be sent immediately following the abbreviation.
7.       All times shall be given in Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) unless otherwise indicated in the question or reply.

Radiotelegraphy Communications Except in the Maritime Mobile Service

Q-Code
Question ?
Answer or Advice
QRA
What is the name of your vessel (or station)?
The name of my vessel (or station) is ...
Apa nama Kapal anda( stasiun kapal anda)?
Nama kapal saya (stasiun kapal saya) adalah …
QRB
How far approximately are you from my station?
The approximate distance between our stations is ... nautical miles (or km).
Berapa kira kira jarak anda dari stasiun saya?
Perkiraan jarak antara stasiun kami adalah… Nautical miles (Km)
QRC
By what private enterprise (or state administration) are the accounts for charges for your station settled?
The accounts for charges of my station are settled by the private enterprise ... (or state administration).
.
QRD
Where are you bound for and where are you from?
I am bound for ... from ...
.
QRE
What is your estimated time of arrival at ... (or over ...) (place)?
My estimated time of arrival at ... (or over ...) (place) is ... hours.
.
QRF
Are you returning to ... (place)?
I am returning to ... (place). 
or
Return to ... (place).
.
QRG
Will you tell me my exact frequency (or that of ...)?
Your exact frequency (or that of ...) is ... kHz (or MHz).
.
QRH
Does my frequency vary?
Your frequency varies.
.
QRI
How is the tone of my transmission?
The tone of your transmission is ...
1. good
2. variable
3. bad.
.
QRJ
How many radiotelephone calls have you to book?
I have ... radiotelephone calls to book.
.
QRK
What is the intelligibility of my signals (or those of ...)?
The intelligibility of your signals (or those of ...) is ...
1. bad
2. poor
3. fair
4. good
5. excellent.
.
QRL
Are you busy?
I am busy (or I am busy with ...). Please do not interfere.
.
QRM
Are you being interfered with? [AP13] 
or
Is my transmission being interfered with? [AP14]
I am being interfered with [AP13] 
or
Your transmission is being interfered with ... [AP14]
(1. nil
2. slightly
3. moderately
4. severely
5. extremely).
.
QRN
Are you troubled by static?
I am troubled by static
(1. nil
2. slightly
3. moderately
4. severely
5. extremely).
.
QRO
Shall I increase transmitter power?
Increase transmitter power.
.
QRP
Shall I decrease transmitter power?
Decrease transmitter power.
.
QRQ
Shall I send faster?
Send faster (... words per minute).
.
QRR
Are you ready for automatic operation?
I am ready for automatic operation. Send at ... words per minute.
.
QRS
Shall I send more slowly?
Send more slowly (... words per minute).
.
QRT
Shall I stop sending?
Stop sending.
.
QRU
Have you anything for me?
I have nothing for you.
Adakah sesuatu untuk saya?.... (Berita)
Saya tidak ada berita untuk anda
QRV
Are you ready?
I am ready.
Apakah anda sudah siap? (Menerima berita)
Saya siap ( Menerima berita)
QRW
Shall I inform ... that you are calling him on ... kHz (or MHz)?
Please inform ... that I am calling him on ... kHz (or MHz).
QRX
When will you call me again?
I will call you again at ... hours (on ... kHz (or MHz)).
QRY
What is my turn?
(Relates to communication).
Your turn is Number ... (or according to any other indication).
(Relates to communication).
QRZ
Who is calling me?
You are being called by ... (on ... kHz (or MHz)).
QSA
What is the strength of my signals (or those of ...)?
The strength of your signals (or those of ...) is
1. scarcely perceptible
2. weak
3. fairly good
4. good
5. very good.
QSB
Are my signals fading?
Your signals are fading.
QSC
Are you a cargo vessel? [AP13] 
or
Are you a low traffic ship? [AP14]
I am a cargo vessel. [AP13] 
or
I am a low traffic ship. [AP14]
QSD
Is my keying defective? [AP13] 
or
Are my signals mutilated? [AP14]
Your keying is defective. [AP13] 
or
Your signals are mutilated. [AP14]
QSE*
What is the estimated drift of the survival craft?
The estimated drift of the survival craft is ... (figures and units).
QSF*
Have you effected rescue?
I have effected rescue and am proceeding to ... base (with ... persons injured requiring ambulance).
QSG
Shall I send ... telegrams at a time?
Send ... telegrams at a time.
QSH
Are you able to home on your direction-finding equipment?
I am able to home on my D/F equipment (on station ...).
QSI

I have been unable to break in on your transmission. 
or
Will you inform ... (call sign) that I have been unable to break in on his transmission (on ... kHz (or MHz)).
QSJ
What is the charge to be collected to ... including your internal charge?
The charge to be collected to ... including my internal charge is ... francs.
QSK
Can you hear me between your signals and if so can I break in on your transmission?
I can hear you between my signals; break in on my transmission.
QSL
Can you acknowledge receipt?
I am acknowledging receipt.
QSM
Shall I repeat the last telegram which I sent you (or some previous telegram)?
Repeat the last telegram which you sent me (or telegram(s) number(s) ...).
QSN
Did you hear me (or ... (call sign)) on ... kHz (or MHz)?
I did hear you (or ... (call sign)) on ... kHz (or MHz).
QSO
Can you communicate with ... direct (or by relay)?
I can communicate with ... direct (or by relay through ...).
QSP
Will you relay to ... free of charge?
I will relay to ... free of charge.
QSQ
Have you a doctor on board (or is ... (name of person) on board)?
I have a doctor on board (or ... (name of person) is on board).
QSR
Shall I repeat the call on the calling frequency?
Repeat your call on the calling frequency; did not hear you (or have interference).
QSS
What working frequency will you use?
I will use the working frequency ... kHz (or MHz) (in the HF bands normally only the last three figures of the frequency need be given).
QSU
Shall I send or reply on this frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz)) (with emissions of class ...)?
Send or reply on this frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz)) (with emissions of class ...).
QSV
Shall I send a series of Vs on this frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz))?
Send a series of Vs on this frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz)).
QSW
Will you send on this frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz)) (with emissions of class ...)?
I am going to send on this frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz)) (with emissions of class ...).
QSX
Will you listen to ... (call sign(s)) on ... kHz (or MHz)? [AP13] 
or
Will you listen to ... (call sign(s)) on ... kHz (or MHz), or in the bands ... / channels ... ? [AP14]
I am listening to ... (call sign(s)) on ... kHz (or MHz). [AP13] 
or
I am listening to ... (call sign(s)) on ... kHz (or MHz), or in the bands ... / channels ... [AP14]
QSY
Shall I change to transmission on another frequency?
Change to transmission on another frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz)).
QSZ
Shall I send each word or group more than once?
Send each word or group twice (or ... times).
QTA
Shall I cancel telegram (or message) number ... ?
Cancel telegram (or message) number ...
QTB
Do you agree with my counting of words?
I do not agree with your counting of words; I will repeat the first letter or digit of each word or group.
QTC
How many telegrams have you to send?
I have ... telegrams for you (or for ...).
QTD*
What has the rescue vessel or rescue aircraft recovered?
... (identification) has recovered ...
1. ... (number) survivors
2. wreckage
3. ... (number) bodies.
QTE
What is my TRUE bearing from you? 
or
What is my TRUE bearing from ... (call sign)? 
or
What is the TRUE bearing of ... (call sign) from ... (call sign)?
Your TRUE bearing from me is ... degrees at ... hours. 
or
Your TRUE bearing from ... (call sign) was ... degrees at ... hours. 
or
The TRUE bearing of ... (call sign) from ... (call sign) was ... degrees at ... hours.
QTF
Will you give me the position of my station according to the bearings taken by the direction-finding stations which you control?
The position of your station according to the bearings taken by the D/F stations which I control was ... latitude, ... longitude (or other indication of position), class ... at ... hours.
QTG
Will you send two dashes of ten seconds each followed by your call sign (repeated ... times) (on ... kHz (orMHz))? 
or
Will you request ... to send two dashes of ten seconds followed by his call sign (repeated ... times) on ... kHz (or MHz)?
I am going to send two dashes of ten seconds each followed by my call sign (repeated ... times) (on ... kHz (or MHz)). 
or
I have requested ... to send two dashes of ten seconds followed by his call sign (repeated ... times) on ... kHz (or MHz).
QTH
What is your position in latitude and longitude (or according to any other indication)?
My position is ... latitude, ... longitude (or according to any other indication).
QTI
What is your TRUE track? [AP13]
My TRUE track is ... degrees. [AP13]
QTI*
What is your TRUE course? [AP14]
My TRUE course is ... degrees. [AP14]
QTJ*
What is your speed? 
(Requests the speed of a ship or aircraft through the water or air respectively).
My speed is ... knots (or ... kilometres per hour or ... statute miles per hour). 
(Indicates the speed of a ship or aircraft through the water or air respectively).
QTK*
What is the speed of your aircraft in relation to the surface of the Earth?
The speed of my aircraft in relation to the surface of the Earth is ... knots (or ... kilometres per hour or ... statute miles per hour).
QTL*
What is your TRUE heading?
My TRUE heading is ... degrees.
QTM*
What is your MAGNETIC heading?
My MAGNETIC heading is ... degrees.
QTN
At what time did you depart from ... (place)?
I departed from ... (place) at ... hours.
QTO
Have you left dock (or port)? 
or
Are you airborne?
I have left dock (or port). 
or
I am airborne.
QTP
Are you going to enter dock (or port)? 
or
Are you going to alight (or land)?
I am going to enter dock (or port). 
or
I am going to alight (or land).
QTQ
Can you communicate with my station by means of the International Code of Signals (INTERCO)?
I am going to communicate with your station by means of the International Code of Signals (INTERCO).
QTR
What is the correct time?
The correct time is ... hours.
QTS
Will you send your call sign for tuning purposes or so that your frequency can be measured now (or at ... hours) on ... kHz (or MHz)? [AP13] 
or
Will you send your call sign (and/or name) for ... seconds? [AP14]
I will send my call sign for tuning purposes or so that my frequency may be measured now (or at ... hours) on ... kHz (or MHz). [AP13] 
or
I will send my call sign (and/or name) for ... seconds. [AP14]
QTT

The identification signal which follows is superimposed on another transmission.
QTU
What are the hours during which your station is open?
My station is open from ... to ... hours.
QTV
Shall I stand guard for you on the frequency of ... kHz (or MHz) (from ... to ... hours)?
Stand guard for me on the frequency of ... kHz (or MHz) (from ... to ... hours).
QTW*
What is the condition of survivors?
Survivors are in ... condition and urgently need ...
QTX
Will you keep your station open for further communication with me until further notice (or until ... hours)?
I will keep my station open for further communication with you until further notice (or until ... hours).
QTY*
Are you proceeding to the position of incident and if so when do you expect to arrive?
I am proceeding to the position of incident and expect to arrive at ... hours (on ... (date)).
QTZ*
Are you continuing the search?
I am continuing the search for ... (aircraft, ship, survival craft, survivors or wreckage).
QUA
Have you news of ... (call sign)?
Here is news of ... (call sign).
QUB*
Can you give me in the following order information concerning: the direction in degrees TRUE and speed of the surface wind; visibility; present weather; and amount, type and height of base of cloud above surface elevation at ... (place of observation)?
Here is the information requested: ... (The units used for speed and distances should be indicated.)
QUC
What is the number (or other indication) of the last message you received from me (or from ... (call sign))?
The number (or other indication) of the last message I received from you (or from ... (call sign)) is ...
QUD
Have you received the urgency signal sent by ... (call sign of mobile station)?
I have received the urgency signal sent by ... (call sign of mobile station) at ... hours.
QUE
Can you use telephony in ... (language), with interpreter if necessary; if so, on what frequencies? [AP13] 
or
Can you speak in ... (language), - with interpreter if necessary; if so, on what frequencies? [AP14]
I can use telephony in ... (language) on ... kHz (or MHz). [AP13] 
or
I can speak in ... (language) on ... kHz (or MHz). [AP14]
QUF
Have you received the distress signal sent by ... (call sign of mobile station)?
I have received the distress signal sent by ... (call sign of mobile station) at ... hours.
QUG
Will you be forced to alight (or land)? [AP13]
I am forced to alight (or land) immediately. 
or
I shall be forced to alight (or land) at ... (position or place) at ... hours. [AP13]
QUH*
Will you give me the present barometric pressure at sea level?
The present barometric pressure at sea level is ... (units).
QUI
Are your navigation lights working? [AP13]
My navigation lights are working. [AP13]
QUJ
Will you indicate the TRUE track to reach you (or ...)? [AP13]
The TRUE track to reach me (or ...) is ... degrees at ... hours. [AP13]
QUK
Can you tell me the condition of the sea observed at ... (place or coordinates)? [AP13]
The sea at ... (place or coordinates) is ... [AP13]
QUL
Can you tell me the swell observed at ... (place or coordinates)? [AP13]
The swell at ... (place or coordinates) is ... [AP13]
QUM
May I resume normal working?
Normal working may be resumed.
QUN
1. When directed to all stations: [AP13,14]
Will vessels in my immediate vicinity ... 
or
(in the vicinity of ... latitude, ... longitude) 
or
(in the vicinity of ...) please indicate their position, TRUE course and speed? 
or
2. When directed to a single station: [AP14]
please indicate their position, TRUE course and speed?
My position, TRUE course and speed are ...
QUO*
Shall I search for ...
1. aircraft
2. ship
3. survival craft
in the vicinity of ... latitude, ... longitude (or according to any other indication)?
Please search for ...
1. aircraft
2. ship
3. survival craft
in the vicinity of ... latitude, ... longitude (or according to any other indication).
QUP
Will you indicate your position by
1. searchlight
2. black smoke trail
3. pyrotechnic lights?
My position is indicated by
1. searchlight
2. black smoke trail
3. pyrotechnic lights.
QUQ
Shall I train my searchlight nearly vertical on a cloud, occulting if possible and, if your aircraft is seen, deflect the beam up wind and on the water (or land) to facilitate your landing?
Please train your searchlight on a cloud, occulting if possible and, if my aircraft is seen or heard, deflect the beam up wind and on the water (or land) to facilitate my landing. [AP13]
QUR*
Have survivors ...
1. received survival equipment
2. been picked up by rescue vessel
3. been reached by ground rescue
party?
Survivors ...
1. are in possession of survival equipment dropped by ...
2. have been picked up by rescue vessel
3. have been reached by ground rescue party.
QUS*
Have you sighted survivors or wreckage? If so, in what position?
Have sighted ...
1. survivors in water
2. survivors on rafts
3. wreckage
in position ... latitude, ... longitude (or according to any other indication).
QUT*
Is position of incident marked?
Position of incident is marked by ...
1. flame or smoke float
2. sea marker
3. sea marker dye
4. ... (specify other marking).
QUU*
Shall I home ship or aircraft to my position?
Home ship or aircraft ... (call sign) ...
1. to your position by transmitting your call sign and long dashes on ... kHz (or MHz)
2. by transmitting on ... kHz (or MHz) TRUE track to reach you.
QUW*
Are you in the search area designated as ... (designator or latitude and longitude)?
I am in the ... (designation) search area.
QUX
Do you have any navigational warnings or gale warnings in force? [AP14]
I have the following navigational warning(s) or gale warning(s) in force: ... [AP14]
QUY*
Is position of survival craft marked?
Position of survival craft was marked at ... hours by ...
1. flame or smoke float
2. sea marker
3. sea marker dye
4. ... (specify other marking).
QUZ
May I resume restricted working? [AP14]
Distress phase still in force; restricted working may be resumed. [AP14]


ICAO PANS-ABC Doc8400 :
The ICAO Q Code

Editor's note: The following codes have been found in an older editions of Doc8400 up to Doc8400-4 (4th edition 1989).
The Q-codes have been deleted and are no longer part of revised editions since Doc8400-5 (5th edition 1999), so it is historical stuff now.

1. The meanings of the Aeronautical Code signals were assigned by ICAO.
Since, in general, only stations of the Aeronautical Service will have available copies of the Aeronautical Code it should not be used in communications with stations of other services unless it is known that the station concerned is familiar with the code.

2. Q signals may be amplified or completed by the addition of appropriate location indicators, approved abbreviations, signals, call signs, figures or numbers.
2.1. The information necessary to complete a signification, as indicated by a blank space, shall be given except when:
(a) The blank spaces are enclosed within parentheses to indicate that their completion is optional.
(b) an alternative meaning shown in parentheses is selected and the blank space in this alternative meaning is completed.
2.2. The information used to complete the blank spaces shall be sent immediately after the Q signal in the sequence shown in the signification.
2.3. Expressions or words in parentheses which do not include blank spaces have the following significance:
(a) when following a blank space, the explanation of the information to be used in filling in the preceding blank.
(b) when following a word or expression, an alternative to the word or expression.
2.4. Q signals shall be read as a question when followed by a note of interrogation signal (IMI). When a signal is used as a question and is followed by additional or complementary information, the note of interrogation signal shall follow this information.
2.5. Q signals that are capable of being given an affirmative or negative sense shall be read in the appropriate sense when immediately followed by the signal YES in the case of the affirmative or the signal NO in the case of the negative.
2.6. Q signals used in the aeronautical service that are capable of being given the sense of an order shall be read in this sense when immediately followed by the signal ORD.
2.7. Q signals with numbered alternative significations shall be followed by the appropriate figure to indicate the exact meaning intended. This figure shall be sent immediately following the Q signal.
2.8. All times shall be given in Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) unless otherwise indicated in the question or reply.

Aeronautical Code signals


Question ?
Answer or Advice
QAB
May I have clearance (for ...) from ... (place) to ... (place) at flight level/altitude ... ?
You are cleared (or ... is cleared) by ... from ... (place) to ... (place) at flight level/altitude ...
QAF
Will you advise me when you are (were) at (over) ... (place)?
I am (was) at (over) ... (place) (at ... hours) at flight level/altitude ...
QAG
 
Arrange your flight in order to arrive over ... (place) at ... hours. 
or
I am arranging my flight in order to arrive over ... (place) at ... hours.
QAH
What is your height above ... (datum)?
I am at .... flight level/altitude ...
or
Arrange your flight so as to reach flight level/altitude ... at ... (hours or place).
QAI
What is the essential traffic respecting my aircraft?
The essential traffic respecting your aircraft is ...
QAK
Is there any risk of collision?
There is risk of collision.
QAL
Are you going to land at ... (place)? 
or
Has aircraft ... landed at ... (place)?
I am going to land at ... (place). 
or
(You may) land at ... (place). 
or
Aircraft ... landed at ... (place).
QAM
What is the latest available meteorological observation for ... (place)?
Meteorological observation made at ... (place) at ... hours was as follows ...
Note.- The information may be given in Q Code form or the METAR form.
QAN
What is the surface wind direction and speed at ... (place)?
The surface wind direction and speed at ... (place) at ... hours is ... (direction) ... (speed).
QAO
What is the wind direction in degrees TRUE and speed at ... (position or zone/s) at each of the ... (figures) ... (units) levels above ... (datum)?
The wind direction and speed at (position or zone/s) at flight level/altitude ... is:
... (vertical distance) ... degrees TRUE ... (speed).
QAP
Shall I listen for you (or for ...) on ... kHz (... MHz)?
Listen for me (or for ...) on ... kHz (... MHz).
QAQ
Am I near a prohibited, restricted or danger area?
or
Am I near area ... (identification of area)?
You are ...
1) near
2) flying within area ... (identification of area).
QAR
May I stop listening on the watch frequency for ... minutes?
You may stop listening on the watch frequency for ... minutes.
QAU
Where may I jettison fuel?
I am about to jettison fuel.
or
Jettison fuel in ... (area).
QAW

I am about to carry out overshoot procedure.
QAY
Will you advise me when you pass (passed) ... (place) bearing 090 (270) degrees relative to your heading?
I passed ... (place) bearing ... degrees relative to my heading at ... hours.
QAZ
Are you experiencing communication difficulties through flying in a storm?
I am experiencing communication difficulties through flying in a storm.
QBA
What is the horizontal visibility at ... (place)?
The horizontal visibility at ... (place) at ... hours is ... (distance figures and units).
QBB
What is the amount, type and height above official aerodrome elevation of the base of the cloud [at ... (place)]?
The amount, type and height above official aerodrome elevation of the base of the cloud at ... (place) at ... hours is:
... eights (... type) at ... (figures and units) height above official aerodrome elevation.
QBC
Report meteorological conditions as observed from your aircraft [at ... (position or zone)] [(at ... hours)].
The meteorological conditions as observed from my aircraft at ... (position or zone) at ... hours at ... (figures and units) height above ... (datum) are ...
Note.-The answer is required in the format of an AIREP message.
QBD
How much fuel have you remaining (expressed as hours and/or minutes of consumption)?
My fuel endurance is ... (hours and/or minutes).
QBE

I am about to wind in my aerial.
QBF
Are you flying in cloud?
I am flying in cloud at ... flight level/altitude ... [and I am ascending (descending) to flight level/altitude ...].
QBG
Are you flying above cloud?
I am flying above cloud and at flight level/altitude ...
or
Maintain a vertical distance of ... (figures and units) above clouds, smoke, haze or fog levels.
QBH
Are you flying below cloud?
I am flying below cloud and at flight level/altitude ...
or
Maintain a vertical distance of ... (figures and units) below cloud.
QBI
Is flight under IFR compulsory at ... (place) [or from ... to ... (place)]?
Flight under IFR is compulsory at ... (place) [or from ... to ... (place)].
QBJ
What is the amount, type and height above ... (datum) of the top of the cloud [at ... (position or zone)]?
At ... hours at ... (position or zone) the top of the cloud is:
amount ... eights (... type) at ... (figures and units) height above ... (datum).
QBK
Are you flying with no cloud in your vicinity?
I am flying with no cloud in my vicinity and at flight level/altitude ...
QBM
Has ... sent any messages for me?
Here is the message sent by ... at ... hours.
QBN
Are you flying between two layers of cloud?
I am flying between two layers of cloud and at flight level/altitude ...
QBO
What is the nearest aerodrome at which flight under VFR is permissible and which would be suitable for my landing?
Flying under VFR is permissible at ... (place) which would be suitable for your landing.
QBP
Are you flying in and out of cloud?
I am flying in and out of cloud and at flight level/altitude ...
QBS

Ascend (or descend) to ... (figures and units) height above ... (datum) before encountering instrument meteorological conditions or if visibility falls below ... (distance figures and units) and advise.
QBT
What is the runway visual range at ... (place)?
The runway visual range at ... (place) at ... hours is ... (distance figures and units).
QBV
Have you reached flight level/altitude ... [or ... (area or place)]?
I have reached ... flight level/altitude ... [or ... (area or place)].
or
Report reaching flight level/altitude ... [or ... (area or place)].
QBX
Have you left ... flight level/altitude ... [or ... (area or place)]?
I have left ... flight level/altitude ... [or ... (area or place)].
or
Report leaving flight level/altitude ... [or ... (area or place)].
QBZ
Report your flying conditions in relation to clouds.
The reply to QBZ ? is given by the appropriate answer form of signals QBF, QBG, QBH, QBK, QBN andQBP.
QCA
May I change my flight level/altitude from ... to ... ?
You may change your flight level/altitude from ... to ...
or
I am changing my flight level/altitude from ... to ...
QCB

Delay is being caused by ...
1) your transmitting out of turn.
2) your slowness in answering.
3) lack of your reply to my ...
QCE
When may I expect approach clearance?
Expect approach clearance at ... hours.
or
No delay expected.
QCF

Delay indefinite. Expect approach clearance not later than ... hours.
QCH
May I taxi to ... (place)?
Cleared to taxi to ... (place).
QCI

Make a 360-degree turn immediately (turning to the ...).
or
I am making a 360-degree turn immediately (turning to the ...).
QCS

My reception on ... frequency has broken down.
QCX
What is your full call sign?
My full call sign is ... 
or
Use your full call sign until further notice.
QCY

I am working on a trailing aerial.
or
Work on a trailing aerial.
QDB
Have you sent message ... to ... ?
I have sent message ... to ...
QDF
What is your D-Value at ... (position)? 
or
What is the D-Value at ... (place or position) (at ... hours) for the ... millibar level?
My D-Value at ... (position) at ... (figures and units) height above the 1013.2 millibars datum is ... (D-Value figures and units) ... (specify plus or minus).
or
The D-Value at ... (place or position) at ... hours for the ... millibar level is (D-Value figures and units) ... (specify plus or minus).
Note.- When the true altitude (radio altitude) is greater than the pressure altitude PS (Plus) is used and when is is less MS (Minus) is used.
QDL
Do you intend to ask me for a series of bearings?
I intend to ask you for a series of bearings.
QDM
Will you indicate the MAGNETIC heading for me to steer towards you (or ...) with no wind?
The MAGNETIC heading for you to steer to reach me (or ...) with no wind was ... degrees (at ... hours).
QDP
Will you accept control (or responsibility) of (for) ... now (or at ... hours)?
I will accept control (or responsibility) of (for) ... now (or at ... hours).
QDR
What is my MAGNETIC bearing from you (or from ...)?
Your MAGNETIC bearing from me (or from ...) was ... degrees (at ... hours).
QDT
Are you flying in visual meteorological condition?
I am flying in visual meteorological condition.
or
You are cleared subject to maintaining own separation and visual meteorological conditions.
QDU

Cancelling my IFR flight.
or
IFR flight cancelled at ... (time).
QDV
Are you flying in a flight visibility of less than ... (figures and units)?
I am flying in a flight visibility of less than ... (figures and units) at flight level/altitude ...
QEA
May I cross the runway ahead of me?
You may cross the runway ahead of you.
QEB
May I turn at the intersection?
Taxi as follows at the intersection ...
(straight ahead DRT
turn left LEFT
turn right RITE).
QEC
May I make a 180-degree turn and return down the runway?
You may make a 180-degree turn and return down the runway.
QED
Shall I follow the pilot vehicle?
Follow the pilot vehicle.
QEF
Have I reached my parking area? 
or
Have you reached your parking area?
You have reached your parking area.
or
I have reached my parking area.
QEG
May I leave the parking area? 
or
Have you left the parking area?
You may leave the parking area.
or
I have left the parking area.
QEH
May I move to the holding position for runway number ... ? 
or
Have you moved to the holding position for runway number ... ?
Cleared to the holding position for runway number ... 
or
I have moved to the holding position for runway number ...
QEJ
May I assume position for take-off? 
or
Have you assumed position for take-off?
Cleared to hold at take-off position for runway number ... 
or
I am assuming take-off position for runway number ... and am holding.
QEK
Are you ready for immediate take-off?
I am ready for immediate take-off.
QEL
May I take-off (and make a ... hand turn after take-off)?
You are cleared to take-off (turn as follows after take-off ...).
QEM
What is the condition of the landing surface at ... (place)?
The condition of the landing surface at ... (place) is ... 
Note.- The information is given by sending appropriate NOTAM Code groups.
QEN
Shall I hold my position?
Hold your position
QEO
Shall I clear the runway (or landing area)? 
or
Have you cleared the runway (or landing area)?
Clear the runway (or landing area).
or
I have cleared the runway (or landing area).
QES
Is a right-hand circuit in force at ... (place)?
A right-hand circuit is in force at ... (place).
QFA
What is the meteorological forecast for ... (flight, route, section of route or zone) for the period ... hours until ... hours?
The meteorological forecast for ... (flight, route, section of route or zone) for the period ... hours until ... hours is ...
QFB

The ...
1) approach
2) runway
3) approach and runway
lights are out of order.
QFC
What is the amount, the type and the height above ... (datum) of the base of the cloud at ... (place, position or zone)?
At ... (place, position or zone) the base of the cloud is ... eighths ... type at ... (figures and units) height above ... (datum).
QFD
1) Is the ... visual beacon [at ... (place)] in operation?
2) Will you switch on the ... visual beacon [at ... (place)]?
3) Will you extinguish the aerodrome visual beacon [at ... (place)] until I have landed?
1) The ... visual beacon [at ... (place)] is in operation
2) I will extinguish the aerodrome visual beacon [at ... (place)] until your landing is completed.
QFE
What should I set on the subscale of my altimeter so that the instrument would indicate its height above the reference elevation being used?
If you set the subscale of your altimeter to read ... millibars, the instrument would indicate its height above aerodrome elevation (above threshold, runway number ...).
QFF
[At ... (place)] what is the present atmospheric pressure converted to mean sea level in accordance with meteorological practice?
At ... (place) the atmospheric pressure converted to mean sea level in accordance with meteorological practice is (or was determined at ... hours to be) ... millibars.
QFG
Am I overhead?
You are overhead.
QFH
May I descend below the clouds?
You may descend below the clouds.
QFI
Are the aerodrome lights lit?
The aerodrome lights are lit. 
or
Please light the aerodrome lights.
QFL
Will you send up pyrotechnical lights?
I will send up pyrotechnical lights.
QFM
What flight level/altitude ... 
1) should I maintain?
2) are you maintaining?
3) do you intend cruising at?
...
1) Maintain (or fly at) flight level/altitude ...
2) I am maintaining flight level/altitude ... 
3) I intend cruising at flight level/altitude ...
QFO
May I land immediately?
You may land immediately.
QFP
Will you give me the latest information concerning ... facility [at ... (place)]?
The latest information concerning ... facility [at ... (place)] is as follows ... 
Note.- The information is given by sending appropriate NOTAM Code groups.
QFQ
Are the approach and runway lights lit?
The approach and runway lights are lit. 
or
Please light the approach and runway lights.
QFR
Does my landing gear appear damaged?
Your landing gear appears damaged.
QFS
Is the radio facility at ... (place) in operation?
The radio facility at ... (place) is in operation (or will be in operation in ... hours).
or
Please have the ... radio facility at ... (place) put in operation.
QFT
Between what heights above ... (datum) has ice formation been observed [at ... (position or zone)]?
Ice formation has been observed at ... (position or zone) in the type of ... and with an accretion rate of ... between ... (figures and units) and ... (figures and units) heights above ... (datum).
QFU
What is the magnetic direction (or number) of the runway to be used?
The magnetic direction (or number) of the runway to be used is ...
Note.- The runway number is indicated by a two-figure group and the magnetic direction by a three-figure group.
QFV
Are the floodlights switched on?
The floodlights are switched on.
or
Please switch on the floodlights.
QFW
What is the length of the runway in use in ... (units)?
The length of runway ... now in use is ... (figures and units).
QFX

I am working (or am going to work) on a fixed aerial.
or
Work on a fixed aerial.
QFY
Please report the present meteorological landing conditions [at ... (place)].
The present meteorological landing conditions at ... (place) are ...
Note.- When given in Q Code the information is sent in the following sequence: QAN, QBA, QNY, QBB, QNH and/or QFE and, if necessary, QMU, QNT, QBJ.
QFZ
What is the aerodrome meteorological forecast for ... (place) for the period ... hours until ... hours?
The aerodrome meteorological forecast for ... (place) for the period ... hours until ... hours is ...
Note.- When given in Q Code the following sequence of Q signal answer (or advice) forms is to be used: QAN, QBA, QNY, QBB and, if necessary, QMU, QNT and QBJ.
QGC

There are obstructions to the ... of ... runway ...
QGD
Are there on my track any obstructions whose elevation equals or exceeds my altitude?
There are obstructions on your track ... (figures and units) height above ... (datum).
QGE
What is my distance to your station (or to ...)?
Your distance to my station (or to ...) is ... (distance figures and units).
QGH
May I land using ... (procedure or facility)?
You may land using ... (procedure or facility).
QGK
What track should I make good? 
or
What track are you making good?
Make good a track from ... (place) on ... degrees ... (true or magnetic). 
or
I am making good a track from ... (place) on ... degrees ... (true or magnetic).
QGL
May I enter the ... (control area or zone) at ... (place)?
You may enter the ... (control area or zone) at ... (place).
QGM

Leave the ... (control area or zone).
QGN
May I be cleared to land [at ... (place)]?
You are cleared to land [at ... (place)].
QGO

Landing is prohibited at ... (place).
QGP
What is my number for landing?
You are number ... to land.
QGQ
May I hold at ... (place)?
Hold at ... (place) at flight level/altitude ... (datum) and await further clearance.
QGT

Fly for ... minutes on a heading what will enable you to maintain a track reciprocal to your present one.
QGU

Fly for ... minutes on a magnetic heading of ... degrees.
QGV
Do you see me?
or
Can you see the aerodrome? 
or
Can you see ... (aircraft)?
I see you at ... (cardinal or quadrantal point of direction). 
or
I can see the aerodrome.
or
I can see ... (aircraft).
QGW
Does my landing gear appear to be down and in place?
Your landing gear appears to be down and in place.
QGZ

Hold on ... direction of ... facility.
QHE
Will you inform me when you are on ... leg of approach?
I am on ...
1) cross-wind leg
2) down-wind leg
3) base leg
4) final leg
... of approach.
QHG
May I enter traffic circuit at flight level/altitude ...?
Cleared to enter traffic circuit at flight level/altitude ...
QHH
Are you making an emergency landing?
I am making an emergency landing. 
or
Emergency landing being made at ... (place). All aircraft below flight level/altitude ... and within a distance of ... (figures and units) leave ... (place or headings).
QHI
Are you (or is ...) ...
1) waterborne?
2) on land?
I am (or ... is) ...
1) waterborne
2) on land
at ... hours.
QHQ
May I make a ... approach [at ... (place)]? 
or
Are you making a ... approach?
You may make a ... approach [at ... (place)]. 
or
I am making a ... approach.
QHZ
Shall I circle the aerodrome (or go around)?
Circle the aerodrome (or go around).
QIC
May I establish communication with ... radio station on ... kHz (or ... MHz.) now (or at ... hours)?
Establish communication with ... radio station on ... kHz. (or MHz.) now (or at ...hours).
or
I will establish communication with ... radio station on ... kHz (or ... MHz) now (or at ... hours).
QIF
What frequency is ... using?
... is using ... kHz (or ... MHz.).
QJA
Is my ...
1) tape
2) mark and space
reversed?
Your ...
1) tape
2) mark and space
is reversed.
QJB
Will you use ...
1) radio?
2) cable?
3) telegraph?
4) teletypewriter?
5) telephone?
6) receiver?
7) transmitter?
8) reperforator?
I will use ...
1) radio.
2) cable.
3) telegraph.
4) teletypewriter.
5) telephone.
6) receiver.
7) transmitter.
8) reperforator.
QJC
Will you check your ...
1) transmitter distributor?
2) auto-head?
3) perforator?
4) reperforator?
5) printer?
6) printer motor?
7) keyboard?
8) antenna system?
I will check my ...
1) transmitter distributor.
2) auto-head.
3) perforator.
4) reperforator.
5) printer.
6) printer motor.
7) keyboard.
8) antenna system.
QJD
Am I transmitting ...
1) in letters?
2) in figures?
You are transmitting ...
1) in letters
2) in figures.
QJE
Is my frequency shift ...
1) too wide?
2) too narrow?
3) correct?
Your frequency shift is ...
1) too wide.
2) too narrow (by ... cycles).
3) correct.
QJF

My signal as checked by monitor ... is satisfactory ...
1) locally.
2) as radiated.
QJG
Shall I revert to automatic relay?
Revert to automatic relay.
QJH
Shall I run ...
1) my test tape?
2) a test sentence?
Run ...
1) your test tape.
2) a test sentence.
QJI
Will you transmit a continuous ...
1) mark?
2) space?
I am transmitting a continuous...
1) mark.
2) space.
QJK
Are you receiving ...
1) a continuous mark?
2) a continuous space?
3) a mark bias?
4) a space bias?
I am receiving ...
1) a continuous mark.
2) a continuous space.
3) a mark bias.
4) a space bias.
QKC

The sea conditions (at ... position) ...
1) permit alighting but not take-off.
2) render alighting extremely hazardous.
QKF
May I be relieved (at ... hours)?
You may expect to be relieved at ... hours [by ... 
1) aircraft ... (identification) (type ...)
2) vessel whose call sign is ... (call sign) {and/or whose name is ... (name)}].
QKG
Will relief take place when ... (identification) establishes ...
1) visual,
2) communications,
contact with survivors?
Relief will take place when ... (identification) establishes ...
1) visual,
2) communications,
contact with survivors.
QKH
Report details of the parallel sweep (track) search being (or to be) conducted?
or
In the parallel sweep (track) search being (or to be) conducted, what is (are) ... 
1) the direction of sweeps,
2) the separation between sweeps,
3) the flight level/altitude ... employed in the search pattern?
The parallel sweep (track) search is being (or to be) conducted ...
1) with direction of sweeps ... degrees ... (true or magnetic).
2) with ... (distance figures and units) separation between sweeps.
3) at flight level/altitude ...
QKN

Aircraft plotted (believed to be you) in position ... on track ... degrees at ... hours.
QKO
What other units are (or will be) taking part in the operation [... (identification of operation)]?
In the operation [... (identification)], the following units are (or will be) taking part ... (name of units).
or
... (name) unit is taking part in operation [... (identification] (with effect from ... hours).
QKP
Which pattern of search is being followed?
The search pattern is ...
1) parallel sweep.
2) square search.
3) creeping line ahead.
4) track crawl.
5) contour search.
6) combined search by aircraft and ship.
7) ... (specify).
QLB
Will you monitor ... station and report regarding range, quality, etc.?
I have monitored ... station and report (briefly) as follows ...
QLH
Will you use simultaneous keying on ... frequency and ... frequency?
I will now key simultaneously on ... frequency and ... frequency.
QLV
Is the ... radio facility still required?
The ... radio facility is still required.
QMH

Shift to transmit and receive on ... kHz (or ... MHz.); if communication is not established within 5 minutes, revert to present frequency.
QMI
Report the vertical distribution of cloud [at ... (position or zone)] as observed from your aircraft.
The vertical distribution of cloud as observed from my aircraft at ... hours at ... (position or zone) is :
lowest layer observed* ... eights (... type) with base of ... (figures and units) and tops of ... (figures and units)
[*and similarly in sequence for each of the layers observed.]
height above ... (datum).
QMU
What is the surface temperature at ... (place) and what is the dew point temperature at that place?
The surface temperature at ... (place) at ... hours is ... degrees and the dew point temperature at that time and place is ... degrees.
QMW
At ... (position or zone) what is (are) the flight level(s)/altitude(s) ... of the zero Celsius isotherm(s)?
At ... (position or zone) the zero Celsius isotherm(s) is (are) at flight level(s)/altitude(s) ...
QMX
What is the air temperature [at ... (position or zone)] (at ... hours) at flight level/altitude ...?
At ... (position or zone) at ... hours the air temperature is ... (degrees and units) at flight level/altitude ... 
Note.- Aircraft reporting QMX information will transmit the temperature figures as corrected for airspeed.
QMZ
Have you any amendments to the flight forecast in respect of section of route yet to be traversed?
The following amendment(s) should be made to the flight forecast ... 
[If no amendments, signal QMZ NIL]
QNE
What indication will my altimeter give on landing at ... (place) at ... hours, my sub-scale being set to 1013.2 millibars (29.92 inches)?
On landing at ... (place) at ... hours, with your sub-scale being set to 1013.2 millibars (29.92 inches), your altimeter will indicate ... (figures and units).
QNH
What should I set on the subscale of my altimeter so that the instrument would indicate its elevation if my aircraft were on the ground at your station?
If you set the subscale of your altimeter to read ... millibars, the instrument would indicate its elevation if your aircraft were on the ground at my station at ... hours.
Note.- When the setting is given in hundredths of inch the abbreviation INS is used to identify the units.
QNI
Between what heights above ... (datum) has turbulence been observed at ... (position or zone)?
Turblence has been observed at ... (position or zone) with an intensity of ... between ... (figures and units) and ... (figures and units) heights above ... (datum).
QNO

I am not equipped to give the information (or provide the facility) requested.
QNR

I am approaching my point of no return.
QNT
What is the maximum speed of the surface wind at ... (place)?
The maximum speed of the surface wind at ... (place) at ... hours is ... (speed figures and units).
QNY
What is the present weather and the intensity thereof at ... (place, position or zone)?
The present weather and intensity thereof at ... (place, position or zone) at ... hours is ...
Notes:
a) When present weather information is transmitted by a ground station, the abbreviations shall be selected from those specified in Annex 3, paragraph 4.8.2.
b) When present weather information is transmitted by an aircraft, the information shall be selected from items 10 to 12 of the AIREP form.

 

Other usage

Russian military usage


Question ?
Answer or Advice
QDW

[Go to ? Change to ? I listen on ?] frequency ... (kHz).
QRR

Working ...
...
3. simplex CW (encrypted Morse)
QWH

I am going to send on frequency ... (kHz).
QYR

Working ...
2. RTTY 81-81 (81baud system) 
... 
4. ...
QYS

Working ...
...
8. radiotelephone (duplex, USB)
QYT

Working ...
...
1. BEE 36/50 
... 
4. MS-5 MUX 4800 USB (T-219)
... 
6. MUX (T-230)
This is incomplete and inofficial information. Please, let me know if you may have some more to add here ...


German police usage

Most of the following codes are listed in PDV-DV 810.
Q-Gruppe mit Fragezeichen (?) bedeutet eine Frage.

Question ?
Answer or Advice
QVA

Kryptolochstreifen-Einlegemarke Anfang
QVB

Teilnehmer ist besetzt
QVC

Verschlüsselung mit ELCROTEL
QVE

Schalten Sie auf Empfangslocher
QVF

Leitung ist frei
QVK

Schalten Sie auf Klarbetrieb
QVL

Laufnummernvergleich
QVM

Verschlüsselung mit Mischer
QVN

Nachfragen beim Aufgeber, ob ... stimmt
QVO

Beachten Sie die Fernbmeldebetriebsvorschrift
QVP

Geben Sie den Prüftext (Kaufenschleife)
(Kaufen Sie jede Woche vier gute bequeme Pelze xy 1234567890)
QVR

Kryptolochstreifen-Rollennummer ...
QVT

Tages-Kryptodatenträger ELCROTEL ... (Tagesangabe 2-stellig)
QVU

Unklarer Empfang
QVV

Verbinden Sie mit ...
QVW

Geben Sie im Wechsel ryryry...
QVX

Kryptolochstreifen-Einlegemarke Ende
QVZ

Nachricht überprüfen, Endzeile wurde automatisch hinzugefügt
QWD

Aushändigungsbestätigung für ... mit Uhrzeit ...
QXD

Melden, Meldung
QXK

Gehört
QXP

Erledigt
QXQ

Unbekannt
QZA

Nachricht ist bestimmt für ...
QZB

Ich gehe auf Funkdoppelverkehr
QZC

Ich gehe auf Sprechbetrieb
QZD

Schalten Sie aus, ich übernehme Verkehr
QZE

Sendefrequenz zu hoch, gehen Sie tiefer
QZF

Sendefrequenz zu niedrig, gehen Sie höher
QZG

Es folgt die Antwort auf ...
QZH

Fortsetzung folgt
QZK

Ich habe Verbindung mit ...
QZM

Veranlassen Sie, dass ... meine Nachricht mit aufnimmt
QZP

Ich hatte Sendestörung von ... bis ...
QZR

Übermitteln Sie
QZT

Ich hatte Empfagsstörung von ... bis ...
QZU

Funkleitung
QZY

Hier nichts gehört.
QZZ

Gewitter hier, schalte Funkstelle aus
This is incomplete and only partly official, as I don't have an original copy of DV810 on hand here. Please, let me know if you may have some more to add here ....


ARRL usage

Unofficial (private) Q-codes used by ARRL (American Amateur Radio League) to be used in CW nets:

Question ?
Answer or Advice
QNA

Answer in prearranged order
QNB

Act as relay station between ... and ...
QNC

All net stations copy. I have a message for all net stations
QND

Net is directed (controlled by net control station)
QNE

Entire net stand by
QNF

Net is free (not controlled)
QNG

Take over as net contol station
QNH

Your net frequency is high
QNI

Net stations report in, 
or 
I am reporting into the net
QNJ

Can you copy me
QNK

Transmit messages for ... to ...
QNL

Your net frequency is low
QNM

You are QRMing the net. Stand by
QNN

Net control station is ... 
or
What station has net control
QNO

Station is leaving the net
QNP

Unable to copy you or Unable to copy ...
QNQ

Move frequency to ... and wait for ... to finish handling traffic. Then send him traffic for ...
QNR

Answer ... and receive traffic
QNS

Following stations are in the net (Follow with list), when used by Net Control Station 
or
Request list of stations in the net, when used by other net members
QNT

I request permission to leave the net for ... minutes
QNU

The net has traffic for you. Stand by
QNV

Establish contact with ... on the frequency. If successful, move to ... and send him traffic for ...
QNW

How do I route messages for ...
QNX

You are excused from the net
QNY

Shift to another frequency, or to ... kHz, to clear traffic with ...
QNZ

Zero beat your signal with mine
QST

CQ ARRL members


  
Document URL : http://www.kloth.net/radio/qcodes.php
Copyright © 1998-2012 Ralf D. Kloth, Ludwigsburg, DE (QRQ.software). <
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Created 1998-09-17. Last modified 2009-12-31. Your visit 2012-11-28 16:25.01. Page created in 4.1057 sec. 

           
[Sen


Q codes applicable for use in amateur radio


Code
Question
Answer or Statement
QRA
What is the name (or call sign) of your station?
The name (or call sign) of my station is ...
QRG
Will you tell me my exact frequency (or that of ...)?
Your exact frequency (or that of ... ) is ... kHz (or MHz).
QRH
Does my frequency vary?
Your frequency varies.
QRI
How is the tone of my transmission?
The tone of your transmission is (1. Good; 2. Variable; 3. Bad)
QRJ
How many voice contacts do you want to make?
I want to make ... voice contacts.
QRK
What is the readability of my signals (or those of ...)?
The readability of your signals (or those of ...) is ... (1 to 5).
QRL
Are you busy?
I am busy. (or I am busy with ... ) Please do not interfere.
QRM
Do you have interference?
I have interference.
QRN
Are you troubled by static?
I am troubled by static.
QRO
Shall I increase power?
Increase power.
QRP
Shall I decrease power?
Decrease power.
QRQ
Shall I send faster?
Send faster (... wpm)
QRS
Shall I send more slowly?
Send more slowly (... wpm)
QRT
Shall I stop sending?
Stop sending.
QRU
Have you anything for me?
I have nothing for you.
QRV
Are you ready?
I am ready.
QRW
Shall I inform ... that you are calling him on ... kHz (or MHz)?
Please inform ... that I am calling him on ... kHz (or MHz).
QRX
When will you call me again?
I will call you again at ... (hours) on ... kHz (or MHz)
QRZ
Who is calling me?
You are being called by ... on ... kHz (or MHz)
QSA
What is the strength of my signals (or those of ... )?
The strength of your signals (or those of ...) is ... (1 to 5).
QSB
Are my signals fading?
Your signals are fading.
QSD
Is my keying defective?
Your keying is defective.
QSG
Shall I send ... telegrams (messages) at a time?
Send ... telegrams (messages) at a time.
QSK
Can you hear me between your signals?
I can hear you between my signals.
QSL
Can you acknowledge receipt?
I am acknowledging receipt.
QSM
Shall I repeat the last telegram (message) which I sent you, or some previous telegram (message)?
Repeat the last telegram (message) which you sent me (or telegram(s) (message(s)) numbers(s) ...).
QSN
Did you hear me (or ... (call sign)) on .. kHz (or MHz)?
I did hear you (or ... (call sign)) on ... kHz (or MHz).
QSO
Can you communicate with ... direct or by relay?
I can communicate with ... direct (or by relay through ...).
QSP
Will you relay a message to ...?
I will relay a message to ... .
QSR
Do you want me to repeat my call?
Please repeat your call; I did not hear you.
QSS
What working frequency will you use?
I will use the working frequency ... kHz (or MHz).
QST
-
Here is a broadcast message to all amateurs.
QSU
Shall I send or reply on this frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz))?
Send or reply on this frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz)).
QSW
Will you send on this frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz))?
I am going to send on this frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz)).
QSX
Will you listen to ... (call sign(s) on ... kHz (or MHz))?
I am listening to ... (call sign(s) on ... kHz (or MHz))
QSY
Shall I change to transmission on another frequency?
Change to transmission on another frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz)).
QSZ
Shall I send each word or group more than once?
Send each word or group twice (or ... times).
QTA
Shall I cancel telegram (message) No. ... as if it had not been sent?
Cancel telegram (message) No. ... as if it had not been sent.
QTC
How many telegrams (messages) have you to send?
I have ... telegrams (messages) for you (or for ...).
QTH
What is your position in latitude and longitude (or according to any other indication)?
My position is ... latitude...longitude
QTR
What is the correct time?
The correct time is ... hours
QTU
At what times are you operating?
I am operating from ... to ... hours.
QTX
Will you keep your station open for further communication with me until further notice (or until ... hours)?
I will keep my station open for further communication with you until further notice (or until ... hours).
QUA
Have you news of ... (call sign)?
Here is news of ... (call sign).
QUC
What is the number (or other indication) of the last message you received from me (or from ... (call sign))?
The number (or other indication) of the last message I received from you (or from ... (call sign)) is ...
QUD
Have you received the urgency signal sent by ... (call sign of mobile station)?
I have received the urgency signal sent by ... (call sign of mobile station) at ... hours.
QUE
Can you speak in ... (language), - with interpreter if necessary; if so, on what frequencies?
I can speak in ... (language) on ... kHz (or MHz).
QUF
Have you received the distress signal sent by ... (call sign of mobile station)?
I have received the distress signal sent by ... (call sign of mobile station) at ... hours.

Some of the common usages vary somewhat from their formal, official sense. QRL? is the accepted form of the question, "Is this frequency in use (or busy)?", the reply to which is typically the letters "C" (dah di dah dit), "R" (di dah dit) or "Y" (dah di dah dah) which, in the Amateur radio tradition, are the Morse code shorthand for "Confirm", "Roger" or "Yes." There are also a few unofficial and humorous codes in use, such as QLF ("try sending with your LEFT foot") and QSC ("send cigarettes", not the official meaning of "this is a cargo vessel"). In the question form, QNB?, is supposed to mean "How many buttons does your radio have?" A reply of the form QNB 45/15 means "45, and I know what 15 of them do." QSJ is sometimes used to refer to the cost of something - "I would like an FT9000 but it is too much QSJ". (QSJ actually means "What is the charge to be collected to ... including your internal charge?").
QSK - "I can hear you during my transmission" - refers to a particular mode of Morse code operating in which the receiver is quickly enabled during the spaces between the dits and dahs, which allows another operator to interrupt transmissions. Many modern transceivers incorporate this function, sometimes referred to as full break-in as against semi-break-in in which there is a short delay before the transceiver goes to receive.
A conversation or contact via amateur radio is often referred to as a QSO, while QSL cards are collected by both radioamateurs and shortwave listeners as confirmation of having received the signal of a particular station.
Regarding the speed of the Morse code being sent, if the speed is too fast and the receiving operator cannot copy the code at said speed, that operator may send "QRS", the request to "please slow down." A courteous sender will slow down to match the speed of the slower operator.
QTHR - "at the registered address for my callsign", this is used mainly in the United Kingdom and former colonies. Since business may not be discussed on amateur radio, a ham who has personal equipment to sell might say something like "I have a spare Morse key old chap, please contact me QTHR".
Note: The ARRL codes QNA-QNZ overlap with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) codes but have different meanings.

[Aviation

Although the majority of the Q codes have slipped out of common use, several remain part of the standard ICAO radiotelephony phraseology in aviation.
Altimeter Settings
Code
Meaning
Sample use
QFE
Atmospheric pressure at sea level, corrected for temperature and adjusted to a specified datum such as airfield elevation. When set on the altimeter it reads height.
Runway in use 22 Left, QFE 990 millibars
QFF
Barometric pressure at a place, reduced to MSL using the actual temperature at the time of observation as the mean temperature.
QNE
Atmospheric pressure at sea level in the International Standard Atmosphere (ISA), equal to 1013.25 mbar or hPa and used as reference for measuring thepressure altitude. When Flight Levels are used as an indication of altitude, 1013.25hPa is used as mean sea level (QNH).
QNH
Atmospheric pressure at mean sea level (may be either a local, measured pressure or a regional forecast pressure (RPS)). When set on the altimeter it reads altitude.
Request Leeds QNH
Radio Navigation
Code
Meaning
Sample use
QDM
Magnetic heading to a station
(callsign) request QDM (callsign) [8]
QDL
Series of bearings taken at regular intervals
QDR
Magnetic bearing from a station
(callsign) request QDR (callsign) [8]
QFU
Magnetic bearing of the runway in use
Runway 22 in use, QFU 220[9]
QGE
Distance
QTE
True bearing from a station
True bearing, True bearing, (callsign) request QTE (callsign) [8]
QTF
Position in relation to a point of reference or in latitude and longitude
QUJ
True bearing to a station

Maritime

Q signals are no longer used in the maritime service, as Morse code is now very rarely used.
Royal Air Force: QGH signified "Controlled Descent through Clouds"

Q codes applicable for use in amateur radio

Code
Question
Answer or Statement
QRA
What is the name (or call sign) of your station?
The name (or call sign) of my station is ...
QRG
Will you tell me my exact frequency (or that of ...)?
Your exact frequency (or that of ... ) is ... kHz (or MHz).
QRH
Does my frequency vary?
Your frequency varies.
QRI
How is the tone of my transmission?
The tone of your transmission is (1. Good; 2. Variable; 3. Bad)
QRJ
How many voice contacts do you want to make?
I want to make ... voice contacts.
QRK
What is the readability of my signals (or those of ...)?
The readability of your signals (or those of ...) is ... (1 to 5).
QRL
Are you busy?
I am busy. (or I am busy with ... ) Please do not interfere.
QRM
Do you have interference?
I have interference.
QRN
Are you troubled by static?
I am troubled by static.
QRO
Shall I increase power?
Increase power.
Shall I decrease power?
Decrease power.
QRQ
Shall I send faster?
Send faster (... wpm)
QRS
Shall I send more slowly?
Send more slowly (... wpm)
QRT
Shall I stop sending?
Stop sending.
QRU
Have you anything for me?
I have nothing for you.
QRV
Are you ready?
I am ready.
QRW
Shall I inform ... that you are calling him on ... kHz (or MHz)?
Please inform ... that I am calling him on ... kHz (or MHz).
QRX
When will you call me again?
I will call you again at ... (hours) on ... kHz (or MHz)
QRZ
Who is calling me?
You are being called by ... on ... kHz (or MHz)
QSA
What is the strength of my signals (or those of ... )?
The strength of your signals (or those of ...) is ... (1 to 5).
QSB
Are my signals fading?
Your signals are fading.
QSD
Is my keying defective?
Your keying is defective.
QSG
Shall I send ... telegrams (messages) at a time?
Send ... telegrams (messages) at a time.
QSK
Can you hear me between your signals?
I can hear you between my signals.
Can you acknowledge receipt?
I am acknowledging receipt.
QSM
Shall I repeat the last telegram (message) which I sent you, or some previous telegram (message)?
Repeat the last telegram (message) which you sent me (or telegram(s) (message(s)) numbers(s) ...).
QSN
Did you hear me (or ... (call sign)) on .. kHz (or MHz)?
I did hear you (or ... (call sign)) on ... kHz (or MHz).
Can you communicate with ... direct or by relay?
I can communicate with ... direct (or by relay through ...).
QSP
Will you relay a message to ...?
I will relay a message to ... .
QSR
Do you want me to repeat my call?
Please repeat your call; I did not hear you.
QSS
What working frequency will you use?
I will use the working frequency ... kHz (or MHz).
QST
-
Here is a broadcast message to all amateurs.
QSU
Shall I send or reply on this frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz))?
Send or reply on this frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz)).
QSW
Will you send on this frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz))?
I am going to send on this frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz)).
QSX
Will you listen to ... (call sign(s) on ... kHz (or MHz))?
I am listening to ... (call sign(s) on ... kHz (or MHz))
QSY
Shall I change to transmission on another frequency?
Change to transmission on another frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz)).
QSZ
Shall I send each word or group more than once?
Send each word or group twice (or ... times).
QTA
Shall I cancel telegram (message) No. ... as if it had not been sent?
Cancel telegram (message) No. ... as if it had not been sent.
QTC
How many telegrams (messages) have you to send?
I have ... telegrams (messages) for you (or for ...).
QTH
What is your position in latitude and longitude (or according to any other indication)?
My position is ... latitude...longitude
QTR
What is the correct time?
The correct time is ... hours
QTU
At what times are you operating?
I am operating from ... to ... hours.
QTX
Will you keep your station open for further communication with me until further notice (or until ... hours)?
I will keep my station open for further communication with you until further notice (or until ... hours).
QUA
Have you news of ... (call sign)?
Here is news of ... (call sign).
QUC
What is the number (or other indication) of the last message you received from me (or from ... (call sign))?
The number (or other indication) of the last message I received from you (or from ... (call sign)) is ...
QUD
Have you received the urgency signal sent by ... (call sign of mobile station)?
I have received the urgency signal sent by ... (call sign of mobile station) at ... hours.
QUE
Can you speak in ... (language), - with interpreter if necessary; if so, on what frequencies?
I can speak in ... (language) on ... kHz (or MHz).
QUF
Have you received the distress signal sent by ... (call sign of mobile station)?
I have received the distress signal sent by ... (call sign of mobile station) at ... hours.
Some of the common usages vary somewhat from their formal, official sense. QRL? is the accepted form of the question, "Is this frequency in use (or busy)?", the reply to which is typically the letters "C" (dah di dah dit), "R" (di dah dit) or "Y" (dah di dah dah) which, in the Amateur radio tradition, are the Morse code shorthand for "Confirm", "Roger" or "Yes." There are also a few unofficial and humorous codes in use, such as QLF ("try sending with your LEFT foot") and QSC ("send cigarettes", not the official meaning of "this is a cargo vessel"). In the question form, QNB?, is supposed to mean "How many buttons does your radio have?" A reply of the form QNB 45/15 means "45, and I know what 15 of them do." QSJ is sometimes used to refer to the cost of something - "I would like an FT9000 but it is too much QSJ". (QSJ actually means "What is the charge to be collected to ... including your internal charge?").
QSK - "I can hear you during my transmission" - refers to a particular mode of Morse code operating in which the receiver is quickly enabled during the spaces between the dits and dahs, which allows another operator to interrupt transmissions. Many modern transceivers incorporate this function, sometimes referred to as full break-in as against semi-break-in in which there is a short delay before the transceiver goes to receive.
A conversation or contact via amateur radio is often referred to as a QSO, while QSL cards are collected by both radioamateurs and shortwave listeners as confirmation of having received the signal of a particular station.
Regarding the speed of the Morse code being sent, if the speed is too fast and the receiving operator cannot copy the code at said speed, that operator may send "QRS", the request to "please slow down." A courteous sender will slow down to match the speed of the slower operator.
QTHR - "at the registered address for my callsign", this is used mainly in the United Kingdom and former colonies. Since business may not be discussed on amateur radio, a ham who has personal equipment to sell might say something like "I have a spare Morse key old chap, please contact me QTHR".
Note: The ARRL codes QNA-QNZ overlap with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) codes but have different meanings.

[


Full international Q-code


This is the complete Q-code as it was defined for maritime radio communication. Since CW communication has been abandoned for this purpose, this code is probably no longer in use. Here only the "question" part is shown, but every code can either be a question or an answer..

QRA
What is the name of your station?
QRB
How far approximately are you from my station?
QRC
By what enterprise are the accounts for charges for your station settled?
QRD
Where are you bound for and where are you from?
QRE
What is your estimated time of arrival at ... (over ...)?
QRF
Are you returning to ... ?
QRG
Will you tell me my exact frequency (or that of ...)?
QRH
Does my frequency vary?
QRI
How is the tone of my transmission?
QRJ
How many radiotelephone calls have you to book?
QRK
What is the intelligibility of my signals (or those of ...)?
QRL
Are you busy?
QRM
Are you being interfered with?
QRN
Are you troubled by static?
QRO
Shall I increase transmitter power?
QRP
Shall I decrease transmitter power?
QRQ
Shall I send faster?
QRR
Are you ready for automatic operation?
QRS
Shall I send more slowly?
QRT
Shall I stop sending?
QRU
Have you anything for me?
QRV
Are you ready?
QRW
Shall I inform ... that you are calling him on ... kHz (or MHz)?
QRX
When will you call me again?
QRY
What is my turn?
QRZ
Who is calling me?
QSA
What is the strength of my signals (or those of ...)?
QSB
Are my signals fading?
QSC
Are you a cargo vessel?
QSD
Is my keying defective?
QSE
What is the estimated drift of the survival craft?
QSF
Have you effected rescue?
QSG
Shall I send ... telegrams at a time?
QSH
Are you able to home on your direction-finding equipment?
QSI
I have been unable to break in on your transmission.
QSJ
What is the charge to be collected to ... including your internal charge?
QSK
Can you hear me between your signals and if so can I break in on your transmission?
QSL
Can you acknowledge receipt?
QSM
Shall I repeat the last telegram which I sent you (or some previous telegram)?
QSN
Did you hear me (or ... ) on ... kHz (or MHz)?
QSO
Can you communicate with ... direct (or by relay)?
QSP
Will you relay to ... free of charge?
QSQ
Have you a doctor on board (or is ... on board)?
QSR
Shall I repeat the call on the calling frequency?
QSS
What working frequency will you use?
QSU
Shall I send or reply on this frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz))
QSV
Shall I send a series of Vs on this frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz))?
QSW
Will you send on this frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz))
QSX
Will you listen to ... on ... kHz (or MHz)?
QSY
Shall I change to transmission on another frequency?
QSZ
Shall I send each word or group more than once?
QTA
Shall I cancel telegram (or message) number ... ?
QTB
Do you agree with my counting of words?
QTC
How many telegrams have you to send?
QTD
What has the rescue vessel or rescue aircraft recovered?
QTE
What is my true bearing from you?
QTF
Will you give me my position according to your bearings?
QTG
Will you send two dashes of ten seconds each followed by your call sign (repeated ... times) (on ... kHz (or MHz))?
QTH
What is your position in latitude and longitude?
QTI
What is your true track?
QTI
What is your true course?
QTJ
What is your speed?
QTK
What is the speed of your aircraft in relation to the surface of the Earth?
QTL
What is your true heading?
QTM
What is your magnetic heading?
QTN
At what time did you depart from ... (place)?
QTO
Have you left dock (or port)?
QTP
Are you going to enter dock (or port)?
QTQ
Can you communicate with my station by means of the International Code of Signals?
QTR
What is the correct time?
QTS
Will you send your call sign for tuning purposes or so that your frequency can be measured now (or at ... hours) on ... kHz (or MHz)?
QTT
The identification signal which follows is superimposed on another transmission.
QTU
What are the hours during which your station is open?
QTV
Shall I stand guard for you on the frequency of ... kHz (or MHz) (from ... to ... hours)?
QTW
What is the condition of survivors?
QTX
Will you keep your station open for further communication with me until further notice (or until ... hours)?
QTY
Are you proceeding to the position of incident and if so when do you expect to arrive?
QTZ
Are you continuing the search?
QUA
Have you news of ... ?
QUB
Can you give me in the following order information concerning: the direction in degrees and speed of the surface wind, visibility, present weather, and amount, type and height of base of cloud above surface elevation at ... ?
QUC
What is the number (or other indication) of the last message you received from me (or from ...)?
QUD
Have you received the urgency signal sent by ... (call sign of mobile station)?
QUE
Can you use telephony in ... (language), with interpreter if necessary; if so, on what frequencies?
QUF
Have you received the distress signal sent by ...?
QUG
Will you be forced to alight (or land)?
QUH
Will you give me the present barometric pressure at sea level?
QUI
Are your navigation lights working?
QUJ
Will you indicate the true track to reach you (or ...)?
QUK
Can you tell me the condition of the sea observed at ...?
QUL
Can you tell me the swell observed at ...?
QUM
May I resume normal working?
QUN
Will vessels in my immediate vicinity please indicate their position, course and speed?
QUO
Shall I search for ... (aircraft, ship, survival craft)?
QUP
Will you indicate your position by searchlight, black smoke trail, pyrotechnic lights?
QUQ
Shall I train my searchlight nearly vertical on a cloud, and if your aircraft is seen, deflect the beam up wind and on the water?
QUR
Have survivors ... (1. received survival equipment, 2. been picked up by rescue vessel, 3. been reached by ground rescue) party?
QUS
Have you sighted survivors or wreckage?
QUT
Is position of incident marked?
QUU
Shall I home ship or aircraft to my position?
QUW
Are you in the search area designated as ...?
QUX
Do you have any navigational warnings or gale warnings in force?
QUY
Is position of survival craft marked?
QUZ
May I resume restricted working?



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